Urbani izziv Volume 19, No. 2, December 2008
UDK: 711.13:314.116; 712:502.12
Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany
Green space development in shrinking cities – opportunities and constraints
Green space development means both a strategy and a need to cope with the spatial transformation of cities as a consequence of socio-demographic change. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of planning and implementing green spaces in shrinking cities. Based on a doctoral thesis, empirical results regarding the relevance of green spaces and strategies in the process of urban restructuring will be discussed. Concerned cities develop specific framework concepts to face spatial transformation. It is assumed that in shrinking cities the influence of green spaces and as well as their significance for urban form will change. Results of case studies in shrinking cities of Eastern Germany will be discussed with regard to their strategies and the instruments facing the challenges of green space development. The presented findings might be also relevant for urban development in (partially) growing cities, enhancing green space development as a part of sustainable cities.
shrinkage, demographic change, urban restructuring, urbanisation models, green space strategies