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Urbani izziv Volume 22, No. 2, December 2011 : 107-121

UDK: 711:656.142(541.354)
DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2011-22-02-004

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Bijaya K. SHRESTHA

S (settlement-society-sustainability) 3 Alliance, Development Forum for Habitat, Kathmandu, Nepal
bkshrestha@hotmail.com

 

Title

Street typology in Kathmandu and street transformation

 

Abstract

The lively and pedestrian-friendly streets of the Malla period and the unique streetscape of the Rana period, including streets in planned and haphazardly developed areas, are being rapidly transformed due to unmanaged urban growth, chaotic construction and a growing number of vehicles in Kathmandu. This has destroyed the physical form, reduced social activities, increased accidents and decreased pedestrian comfort on all types of streets. These negative consequences cannot be addressed through the existing legal and institutional frameworks of the urban-development and traffic-management authorities. Even recent street improvements have discouraged pedestrian movement, degraded the streetscape and replaced public spaces with traffic. This has further congested pedestrians and traffic in areas that were already crowded. To reverse this trend and to enhance the qualities of traditional streets of Kathmandu, a threefold urban design strategy is essential. This will decentralise business activities from urban centres, improve transitional spaces between streets (and sidewalks) and ground-floor activities of buildings on both sides of the streets, and strictly enforce traffic management, all supported by flexible design guidelines, incentives and consensus among various stakeholders.

 

Key Words

street typology, unmanaged growth, traffic management, pedestrian movement, Nepal

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

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