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Urbani izziv Volume 22, No. 2, December 2011 : 122-136

UDK: 911.375.1(460)
DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2011-22-02-005

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Montserrat PALLARES-BARBERA

Harvard University, Institute for Quantitative Social Sciences, Center for Geographic Analysis, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA<br>Autonomous University of Barcelona, Geography Department, Barcelona, Spain
mpallares@cga.harvard.edu

Anna BADIA

Autonomous University of Barcelona, Geography Department, Barcelona, Spain
anna.badia@uab.cat

Jordi DUCH

Autonomous University of Barcelona, Geography Department, Barcelona, Spain
jordi.duch@uab.cat

 

Title

Cerdà and Barcelona: The need for a new city and service provision

 

Abstract

This paper examines Ildefons Cerd&agrave;’s 1860 Plan for the Urban Expansion of Barcelona; specifically, how and why it was conceived in a unique way, in which the provision of services to the population was an important part. Cerd&agrave; based his expansion proposal on an in-depth socio-statistical study of old Barcelona’s population conditions. The high mortality rates of the working-class population and poor health and education conditions pushed Cerd&agrave; to design a new type of urban planning, which he defined as “urbanism”. In his proposal for the new city, he planned the location of services such as marketplaces, schools and hospitals. The first part of this paper introduces the urban and political preconditions of Barcelona and the statistics on which Cerd&agrave; based his contribution. The second part uses location theory and a geographic information system (GIS) to analyse the pattern of location and the population served by markets and hospitals. In addition, topographic maps from 1926 and 1975 are used to study the development of the expansion up to when it was fully developed. The evolution of the city differed from Cerd&agrave;’s proposal, partly due to unexpected increases in population density, the built environment, and higher amounts of building occupation. Nevertheless, Cerd&agrave;’s layout of streets and avenues has prevailed.

 

Key Words

urban planning, location theory, optimisation, wellbeing, GIS, spatial decision support system

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

INDEX

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SCOPUS ELSEVIER

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

SNIP: 0,357 (Quartile: Q2)
CiteScore: 0,44

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