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Urbani izziv Volume 23, No. supplement, July 2012 : S29–S41

DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2012-23-supplement-1-003

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Júlia Bosch

Institut d’Estudis Territorials, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
julia.bosch@ietcat.org

Laura Capel

Institut d’Estudis Territorials, Universitat Pompeu Fabra – Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain<br>Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
laura.capel@ietcat.org

François Cougoule

Institut d’Estudis Territorials, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
francois.cougoule@ietcat.org

Gissel Ferrari

Institut d’Estudis Territorials, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain<br>Department of Applied Economics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
gissel.ferrari@ietcat.org

Sergi Solanas

Institut d’Estudis Territorials, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain<br>Adjunct Faculty of Microeconomics (Industrial Organization), Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
sergi.solanas@ietcat.org

 

Title

Towards Urban High-technolgy Clusters: An International Comparison

 

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a comparative study of 23 urban or regional high-technology clusters (media, ICT, energy, biotechnology) all over the world, analyzing how they were created, how they are managed and how they operate, and the strategies followed to improve and excel in their fields of action. Special attention is given to issues related to descriptive aspects, R&D, performance of the clusters, location factors and incentives to attract companies. The empirical analysis applied to the identified clusters was done through a questionnaire sent to the representatives of the cluster’s management. When analyzing the data, the study has combined quantitative and qualitative methods, depending on the information to be processed. The data collection was done through a selection of indicators chosen in order to cover the different elements that cluster literature coincide in consider essential to develop a competitive economic cluster in urban regions. The main obstacle we find with the information available to carry out this study has been its heterogeneity and different quality of the data. 22@Barcelona appears to be in a good position to compete with other excelling clusters, but it still needs to improve in areas such as financial supply for R&D and start-ups and coordination between the different actors involved in urban economic development. Our research also contributes to the discussion on the role of public institutions in the cluster development policies. In the clusters studied here, especially in 22@Barcelona, we have seen that a capable and resourceful public administration can determine the success of the cluster initiative.

 

Key Words

cluster initiatives, urban spaces, regional policies, high-technology

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

INDEX

GOOGLE SCHOLAR
h5-index: 12
h5-median: 17
INDEX COPERNICUS
ICV 2018: 121,25
CLARIVATE ANALYTICS
Indeksirano v ESCI


SCOPUS ELSEVIER

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

1.2
2020CiteScore
 
84th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SNIP (2020): 0.48
CiteScoreTracker (2021): 1.5

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